Floor plans are important to show the relationship between rooms and spaces and to communicate how one can move through a property. Floor plans are essential for real estate marketing and home design, home building, interior design, and architecture projects. Creating a floor plan is the best way to start a home design project of any sort.
You can use a floor plan to communicate your ideas more clearly and show the potential of a layout. Creating a before and after floor plan is an excellent way to demonstrate the scale and scope of a project to a home builder or contractor, which will help you get better and more accurate pricing. Floor plans are also critical for creating furniture layouts to know what items will fit and which won’t. This will save you time and effort when moving, setting up a new home or office space, and it can help you to avoid making expensive mistakes.
Common uses for floor plans include:
- Selling a home.
- Creating real estate listings.
- Illustrating new-built homes.
- Planning home improvement and renovation projects.
What Is the Purpose of a Floor Plan?
There are many good reasons to draw floor plans before starting a construction project:
- They turn concepts into tangible forms. Floor plans are architectural drawings that give you a bird’s eye view of the dimensions, measurements, and spatial relationships between objects and fixtures. They give the builder or designer something physical to look at and serve as the initial blueprint for your design project.
- They make planning easier to adjust. Floor plan designs let you see what’s possible in the space you have. If the master suite’s design in your dream home isn’t going to work, a floor plan can help you discover the issue early in the design process, allowing you to make the necessary adjustments.
- They can save resources. Creating a floor plan communicates your design ideas clearly, and can help you save time and money when purchasing materials or hiring workers. The more details you include in your plans, the more efficient the building process will be.
- They can help establish the big picture. If you’re a real estate agent or someone looking to buy a home, a floor plan can help you envision a potential space for what it is and what it can become.
What Should Floor Plans Include?
Whether creating home building plans or conceptualizing the ideal workspace, floor plan drawings should include more than just the room size. Floor plans typically feature:
- All of your living and working spaces. Your home building plans should indicate the location and setup of bedrooms, hallways, bathrooms, the kitchen, and the garage and/or basement.
- All of your room layouts. Floor plans should show all room layouts and areas per floor, such as where the breakfast nook will go in your kitchen or how the hallways and staircases will connect individual rooms. Room layout can help you get a better idea of the “flow” of the house.
- Doors and windows. Your floor plan should indicate the location of doorways and other entryways, where major furniture like couches will sit, the height and width of your windows and the directions they’ll face, and the height of your doors plus where the doors are will sit upon opening.
- Room features. In addition to the layout of the rooms and spaces, a floor plan can also help you plot out the space you’ll need for built-in appliances like ovens and refrigerators and where the washer and dryer will go in the laundry room. If you’re planning on including interior features like a fireplace or mudroom, you’ll need to indicate it on the floor plan layout. A floor plan should depict the use of each room and any fixtures that go along with it.
4 Types of Floor Plans
There are a few types of house plans available depending on the type of home you’re building or remodelling, such as:
- Ranch-style. A ranch-style floor plan is usually for one-story homes. The bedrooms are often on one side of the home, separate from the general living spaces like the living room, kitchen, and dining room.
- Cape cod. Also known as a farm ranch, this floor plan style is for one and a half-story homes. This house plan design is distinct from the ranch-style as it features the master bedroom on the first floor and the rest of the bedrooms on its next floor. The next floor isn’t technically a second story because the half-story has shorter walls and less room than the second story of a traditional two-story house.
- Two-story. Most of the bedrooms are featured on the second floor for a two-story home, while all the living spaces are on the first floor. Floor plans with two stories offer more design options like higher ceilings and more significant separation between sleeping and entertaining spaces.
- Multi-level. House layouts for split-levels and high ranches offer more architectural design options, like adding a grand foyer or a finished basement. Multi-level floor plans feature short stairs leading to each floor and can offer a more economical use of your space by stacking the floors rather than spreading them out.
5 Tips For Measuring Your Space
Accurate floor plans start with precise measurements. For tips on how to measure your space, see below:
- Start from the exterior. Start by measuring the exterior walls. You should indicate these measurements outside the floor plan (otherwise, you may confuse them with inner wall measurements). Once you have established the boundaries of the area, work your way in.
- Measure the interior walls. Knowing the length of the walls is necessary for all building plans, whether it’s for commercial or home design. If measuring an existing space, measure along the baseboard of one wall at a time, from corner to corner, to the nearest quarter of an inch. You’ll also need to measure the height of your walls, from floor to ceiling. To calculate the square footage for each room, multiply its length by the width.
- Measure the entryways. A thorough floor plan will indicate all entries’ length, width, and height measurements, like a foyer or back entrance.
- Measure the windows. Measure the size of the window opening. Measure ceiling to floor, then from both ends to the window’s exterior to see how high up on the wall the window will sit. Note which direction the windows face to determine how much sunlight a room will receive. If you plan on adding mouldings or trim, record the estimated measurements for those separately.
- Measure the doors. Measure the door’s height and width, then indicate the direction it will swing (either into or out of the room). Measure the doorways’ open arch space and the length between the ends of the wall and the doorframe.
5 Key Floor Plan Considerations
Effective floor planning requires the housing professionals to get a global and detailed understanding of the client’s requirements to propose the best house layout. It must fit the basic needs like a number of garages, bedrooms and bathrooms with a logical space flow and aesthetic architectural balance.
The perfect home layout is unique to each client. So when you create a floor plan, you need to start with the client’s requirements and adapt it to make sure it is functional and practical: separating the living rooms from the bedrooms, for example. If you find the ideal room layout, which gives enough space in each room without wasting areas where it is not needed, then you’ll convince your clients to work with you.
To define the size of each room, you need to know the size of the family or the number of people who will live in the new house. In addition, it is important to make sure that the room sizes are sufficiently big enough to be comfortable for day-to-day life.
You need to understand the lifestyle of the homebuyers to make sure their priorities are met with the floor plan design you present. For example, if your clients work from home occasionally or every day, they may need a dedicated home office, or they may have a separate space in a bedroom or living room.
The floor plan must be designed according to the family standard of living. Some outstanding architectural ideas can be more expensive to build and involve high monthly spending afterwards, like high vaulted ceilings or large spiral staircases.
Make sure that some rooms can be used for a different purpose if needed, like a guest room which can be converted into a nursery, office or gym room without restricting the space flow. The house layout must be designed with this idea in mind to meet your clients’ needs for years to come.
8 Of The Best Interior Design Apps
As technology progresses, we see the invention of many things that can assist us with epic home design. Namely, a bunch of great interior design apps for your smartphone, device or computer so you can incorporate hot décor trends on the go and keep much-needed information in the one place.
These interior design apps are a must-have for any home décor enthusiast— whether you’re a professional or hobbyist or just doing up one room for the fun of it.
How many hours have you spent searching for the original floor plan of your house? You’re sure you put it somewhere safe, never to be found again. This super simple app scans your room to provide you with the dimensions and a 3D model so you can effortlessly envisage new decor and furnishings to your heart’s content.
It offers augmented reality scanning or the ability to touch your phone against the walls to measure. It’s not only great for individual room planning, but it also helps with exteriors and gardens.
Everyone’s favourite interior design site, Houzz, also has a superbly handy app. It’s your ‘one-stop shop’ for design inspiration and tips, a directory of many professionals to help you get the job done and an online store of every kind of home decor product you can imagine.
Havenly pegs itself as an interior design app for ‘real people. As well as a range of personally curated products and photo technology, it also has the bonus of offering live chats with professional interior designers. This app is great if you get stuck on something or need on-demand help and answers.
Plan before you purchase to avoid costly mistakes
A superb app that allows you to collate and save a variety of measurements on your phone. Store the dimensions and measurements for cabinetry, wall size, floor area, and so much more. This is particularly useful when trying to decide what size artwork you can fit in your home and whether you should go large with a statement piece.
Use Planner 5D online tool to create detailed home plans and modern interior design like a pro, without professional skills.
Easily visualize how you want your room or home to look with this handy tool. Then, create your dream home with fabulous interior design with their mammoth ideas library. It offers varying difficulty levels, and you can even publish your dream project to social media platforms, so your friends and family can join in the fun.
Final touches with interior design apps
Add some pizzaz to an all-white interior with a moody monochrome print.
Live Home 3D
Anyone can be a home designer with the Live Home 3D app. It offers detailed floorplans and 3D renderings so you don’t have to overwork your imagination and can see exactly what the finished result will look like.
This interior design app purports that you can ‘…walk through the interior, apply materials, arrange furniture and share the work among your devices.’ Plus, it has panorama images and viewing options, so regardless of the size or shape of your room, you can still make it look spectacular. You can also use the app across your phone, tablet and computer.
SmartDraw is a multipurposed software for a range of applications that are designed for professional use. As part of their software, they offer a planning and drawing tool used exclusively for interior design.
With hundreds of templates available, SmartDraw is a step up from most interior design apps and is aimed at the more professional or experienced home décor designer. You can even try it for free.
One of the most infamous home décor glossy magazines in the world is now available via the app! So you can have sensational inspiration at your fingertips wherever you go.
Promising a myriad of influences that inspire us, along with cultural styles and trends, you can now get the magazine look in your own home or workplace. Furthermore, they also offer a thirty-day free trial.